Surgical instruments can vary widely by the field of surgery that they are used in. In general instruments can be divided into five classes by function:. Instruments used in surgery are:           . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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About product and suppliers: medical instruments pictures and names products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.There are different surgeries that take place in an operating room and for each, there are a set of instruments that are used. Can you identify different surgical instruments found in an operation room? If you said yes then, all you need to do is take this test and prove yourself by getting the highest score.
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Surgical Instruments – List, Names and Functions
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Back to top. Sign In with your ProProfs account. Not registered yet? Sign Up. I agree to the Terms of Services and Privacy Notice. Already have an account?Many different types of surgical instruments have been developed over time and every type is designed to perform a specific function.
Surgical instruments can therefore be categorized based on the function they perform during a surgery. While some instruments function to provide access to the surgeon, others are used to modify body tissues during surgery. A brief introduction to the different classes of surgical instruments is given below:. A clamp refers to any surgical instrument that holds or occludes a tissue. Hemostat is a type of clamp that prevents blood flow through a blood vessel.
Suction Instruments. During a surgical procedure blood, tissue debris and other body fluids may accumulate at the site of surgery. These instruments provide suction to clear the site of surgery for unobstructed view of the surgical field. Retraction Instruments. Since the body contains multiple layers of tissues, it is essential to hold superficial tissue layers in place when a surgeon attempts to access deeper tissues.
Retractors help the surgeons in holding back tissue layers. Retractors may be self-retaining or handheld and their use depends on the type of requirement that arises during a surgery. The length and depth of surgical incision determines the type of retractor that a surgeon requires at a given stage during surgery.
A variety of measuring instruments are used during surgical interventions. Instruments that help in measurement include sizers, calipers, depth gauge or simple rulers etc. Cutting Instruments. These surgical instruments include the blades, scissors, rongeur, shears, curette, osteotome, chisel, gouge, elevator, rasp and saws. Their functions are described below:. Blades are used for sharp cutting that helps in tissue dissection. Scissors can be used to cut body tissues or to cut other objects like wire-cutting scissors help in cutting sutures or stainless steel materials.
Rongeurs contain a spring-loaded hinge and during surgery they are used to sever and extract body tissues. Curette is a small cup-shaped instrument that is used to scoop out tissue.
Osteotome resembles a chisel and is used for cutting bone tissue. Chisel is an orthopedic cutting instrument, that is used in situations where a straight-sided cut is desired. Gouge can be considered a V-shaped chisel and it produces small troughs in bone tissue. Rasp : The purpose of using a rasp is to remodel bone tissue. Saws are used in surgical procedures that need cutting of bones. Forceps pickups. Forceps are non-locking surgical instruments used to manipulate body tissues or for grasping suture needles.
Toothed forceps contain teeth in the jaws and are described by the number of teeth and their slots on the opposing jaws.
A living body consists of multiple tubular structures. These tubular structures may lose their patency due to disease. Probes are therefore used to assess a structure for patency. In other cases, probes may be used to ascertain the type of bone or similar tissue by touching it physically. The tubular structures may require dilatation during a surgery. Dilators are cylindrical surgical instruments that are utilized to increase the internal diameter of tubular body tissues.With so many surgical instruments used today, one is eager to know about their specific tasks.
The following article provides information about basic surgical instruments and their uses. To prevent any sort of infection during surgery, sterilization of instruments was first proposed by Louis Pasteur, a French chemist in A surgery cannot be carried out without medical tests and tools.
There are a variety of surgical instruments, each designed for a specific purpose. Some are used for making an incision while others are made to hold tissues. Using them correctly is necessary to prevent any irreversible damage to the internal organs of the body.
Information about the most frequently used surgical instruments with their pictures is given below:. This is a surgical knife that comes with a sharp stainless steel blade. Whether it is a minor or a major surgery, a correct surgical incision is a must, which is not possible without a scalpel. Each and every surgery has its own specific needs. For instance, a minor surgery will require a small incision whereas a major surgery may demand an incision deep into the skin tissues.
So taking this into consideration, scalpels are manufactured in a variety of sizes. The blades of scalpel are detachable and many times this instrument is designed for one time use only. Talking about list of surgical instruments and one simply cannot forget to mention about surgical staples. Normally, an incision made or an open wound that occurs during surgery cannot be left open as it can trigger internal bleeding.
A common practice is to seal these cuts using stitches but nowadays surgeons prefer to use surgical staples instead of stitches. The main advantage is that the possibility of blood leaking from a wound closed by a surgical staple is minimal. Apart from closing the incision, surgical staples are also useful to reattach and remove portions of certain organs. For instance, a bowel surgery may demand cutting certain parts of the intestine and reconnecting the remaining portion of the intestine.
This can be effectively and precisely done using surgical staples. As we all know, during surgery incisions are made to carry out the procedure. Surgical sutures, which are nothing but stitches, are commonly used to reconnect the tissues so as to close the incision after the surgical procedure is over. Sutures also help to join wound edges after an injury. This closing of wound helps to facilitate healing of the injury. Modern sutures are made from synthetic material that can be either absorbable or non-absorbable one.
Absorbable sutures are absorbed by the body over a course of time. The duration of absorption varies according to the type of suture material but lasts anywhere between 10 days to 2 months. When the suture is placed deep inside the body or the patient is not in a position to visit the hospital again to remove sutures, then the absorbable sutures are used.
Absorbable sutures are primarily constructed from synthetic material like polylactic acid, polyglycolic acid, and caprolactone. Non-absorbable sutures are non-biodegradable; hence cannot be broken down by the body and absorbed. The material used in making non-absorbable sutures is usually polypropylene, nylon, or polyester.
Stainless steel wires that exhibit high tensile strength are often preferred to close the sternum following heart surgery.
In general, non-absorbable sutures have an advantage over their counterparts, as they cause minimal scarring. Usually these sutures are removed after a specified duration but in some cases, they are allowed to remain in the position.Surgical instruments are specially designed tools that assist health care professionals carry out specific actions during a surgical operation. This post provides a detailed list of surgical instruments and their functions.
These surgical instruments as the name implies are used for cutting and dissecting the skin, tissue and suture material. These instruments usually have sharp edges which enable the surgeos to cut and disscect tissue so as to explore irregular growths and to remove dangerous or damegd tissue. Examples of cutting and dissecting instruments include scalpels, scissors, saws, etc.
A scalpel is a fine-edge cutting instrument with a blade that allows the surgeon to exert maximum control while cutting tissues, and is used to make incisions in the skin or other tissues. Surgical scalpels consist of two parts, a blade and a handle. The handles are often reusable, with the blades being replaceable. In medical applications, each blade is only used once even if just for a single, small cut.
The scalpel is most commonly used to make the initial incision that opens the body for surgery. Surgical scissors, are surgical instruments usually used for cutting.
They include bandage scissors, dissecting scissors, iris scissors, operating scissors, stitch scissors, tenotomy scissors, Metzenbaum scissors, plastic surgery scissors, and Mayo scissors. Trauma Shears — For use in emergency medical response and rescue should it be necessary to cut off clothing. Mayo scissors may also be used to cut sutures and heavy body tissues. Costotome — A Costotome is a specialised rib cutter used to gain access to the thoracic cavity. Surgeons use forceps during surgical procedures to hold onto or manipulate tissues and to clamp blood vessels.
Surgical forceps are hinged instruments, similar in design to scissors, but with tong-like or flat tips that are used to hold, clamp or move tissues during surgery.
The parts of a simple needle holder are the jaws, the joint and the handles. Most needle holders also have a clamp mechanism that locks the needle in place, allowing the user to maneuver the needle through various tissues.
This is another class of surgical instruments that are used in occluding blood vessels and help control bleeding during surgical operation. It is specifically designed to catch the bleeder that are deep within tissue hence it is ideally used on tough structures like palms, soles or scalp.
The tooth gripped the structure firmly, so that the tissue does not slip. They may be either curved or straight. They are small, straight or curved hemostatic forceps used to hold delicate tissue or compress a bleeding vessel. This is another class of surgical instruments that include tissue unifying instruments and materials such as needle holders, surgical needles, staplers, clips, adhesive tapes. Needle holders are hinged instruments that have a carbide insert in the tip to prevent slipping.
They are used to hold the needle when sewing body tissues, which provides more control than sewing by hand. Needle holders may or may not also have cutting blades that can be used for cutting thread.
Surgery requires the use of several different types of needles. Needles need to be strong enough to pass through tough tissue while causing minimal trauma to delicate tissues and reducing tissue reactions. Needles are made of steel, come in different sizes, have blunt or sharp points, and can be curved or straight.